IRA

Proposed House Budget Reconciliation Amendment Includes IRA Restrictions

The House Ways and Means Committee has released additional legislative text as part of its tax portion of the anticipated $3.5 trillion budget reconciliation bill. If enacted, the proposal would impose several restrictions on IRAs.

  • Creates a prohibition on Roth or Traditional IRA contributions if aggregate IRA and defined contribution balances exceed $10M, and generally applies to individuals making more than $400–$450k (depending on filing status)
  • For account balances exceeding $10M, provides for a required distribution equal to 50 percent of the amount by which the prior year aggregate balance exceeds $10M—again, for individuals making more than $400–$450K. If the aggregate value exceeds $20M, then the excess is required to be distributed first from Roth IRAs and designated Roth accounts to bring the value to $20M (or deplete Roth assets) after which the individual can choose which accounts to distribute from to satisfy the remaining RMD resulting from having a balance exceeding $10M.
  • Closes the “back-door” Roth loophole by eliminating conversions of all after-tax IRA and after-tax employer plan contributions
  • Eliminates pretax conversions and rollovers to Roth from non-Roth accounts for those making $400–$450k (beginning in 2032)
  • Extends statute of limitations from three years to six years after a return containing an error was filed to allow IRS to pursue IRA noncompliance

The legislation also imposes restrictions on certain types of investments as follows.  Such investments that exist in IRAs at the time of enactment would be required to be divested from the IRA by December 31, 2023.

  • Prohibits investment of IRA assets in a security if the issuer of the security (or other person specified by the Treasury Department) requires the account owner to either
    • have a specified minimum amount of income or assets,
    • have completed a specified level of education, or
    • hold a specific license or credential
  • Prohibits investment of IRA assets in entities in which the owner has a substantial interest (10 percent or more) or is an officer or director of the entity. Constructive ownership of family members applies (spouse, ancestor, lineal descendant, and spouse of lineal descendant).

Other retirement provisions included in the Ways and Means Committee’s portion of the bill were announced last week. After nearly 40 hours of debate and 66 amendments over the course of four days, the legislation was approved by the Ways and Means Committee in a near party-line vote. It now moves to the House Budget Committee for markup.


IRS Issues Deadline Relief for Hurricane Ida Victims in Pennsylvania

The IRS has issued a news release announcing the postponement of certain tax-related deadlines for victims of Hurricane Ida in Pennsylvania. The tax relief postpones various tax filing deadlines that began August 31, 2021. Affected individuals and households who reside or have a business in Bucks, Chester, Delaware, Montgomery, Philadelphia, and York counties, as well as taxpayers with records located in the covered area that are needed to meet covered deadlines, qualify for relief.

In addition to extending certain tax filing and tax payment deadlines, the relief includes completion of many time-sensitive, tax-related acts described in IRS Revenue Procedure 2018-58 and Treasury Regulation 301.7508A-1(c)(1). Affected taxpayers with a covered deadline on or after August 31, 2021, and before January 3, 2022, will have until January 3, 2022, to complete the acts. This includes filing Form 5500 series returns that are required to be filed on or after August 31, 2021, and before January 3, 2022.

“Affected taxpayer” automatically includes any individuals who live, and businesses whose principal place of business is located, in the covered disaster area. Those who reside or have a business located outside the covered disaster area, but have been affected by the disaster, may contact the IRS to request relief.


IRS Issues Deadline Relief for Tropical Storm Fred Victims in North Carolina

The IRS has issued a news release announcing the postponement of certain tax-related deadlines for victims of Tropical Storm Fred in North Carolina. The tax relief postpones various tax filing deadlines that began August 16, 2021. Affected individuals and households who reside or have a business in Avery, Buncombe, Haywood, Madison, Transylvania, Watauga, and Yancey counties, as well as taxpayers with records located in the covered area that are needed to meet covered deadlines, qualify for relief.

In addition to extending certain tax filing and tax payment deadlines, the relief includes completion of many time-sensitive, tax-related acts described in IRS Revenue Procedure 2018-58 and Treasury Regulation 301.7508A-1(c)(1). Affected taxpayers with a covered deadline on or after August 16, 2021, and before December 15, 2021, will have until December 15, 2021, to complete the acts. This includes filing Form 5500 series returns that are required to be filed on or after August 16, 2021, and before December 15, 2021.

“Affected taxpayer” automatically includes any individuals who live, and businesses whose principal place of business is located, in the covered disaster area. Those who reside or have a business located outside the covered disaster area, but have been affected by the disaster, may contact the IRS to request relief.


IRS Issues Deadline Relief for Hurricane Ida Victims in Mississippi

The IRS has issued a news release announcing the postponement of certain tax-related deadlines for victims of Hurricane Ida in Mississippi. The tax relief postpones various tax filing deadlines that began August 28, 2021. Affected individuals and households who reside or have a business in all counties in Mississippi and the Mississippi Choctaw Indian Reservation, as well as taxpayers with records located in the covered area that are needed to meet covered deadlines qualify for relief.

In addition to extending certain tax filing and tax payment deadlines, the relief includes completion of many time-sensitive, tax-related acts described in IRS Revenue Procedure 2018-58 and Treasury Regulation 301.7508A-1(c)(1). Affected taxpayers with a covered deadline on or after August 28, 2021, and before November 1, 2021, will have until November 1, 2021, to complete the acts. This includes filing Form 5500 series returns that are required to be filed on or after August 28, 2021, and before November 1, 2021.

“Affected taxpayer” automatically includes any individuals who live, and businesses whose principal place of business is located, in the covered disaster area. Those who reside or have a business located outside the covered disaster area, but have been affected by the disaster, may contact the IRS to request relief.


IRS Issues Deadline Relief for Hurricane Ida Victims in New Jersey

The IRS has issued a news release announcing the postponement of certain tax-related deadlines for victims of Hurricane Ida in New Jersey. The tax relief postpones various tax filing deadlines that began September 1, 2021. Affected individuals and households who reside or have a business in Bergen, Gloucester, Hunterdon, Middlesex, Passaic, and Somerset counties, as well as taxpayers with records located in the covered area that are needed to meet covered deadlines qualify for relief. This relief will be automatically granted to taxpayers in Ida-affected locations in other parts of the state subsequently designated by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA).

In addition to extending certain tax filing and tax payment deadlines, the relief includes completion of many time-sensitive, tax-related acts described in IRS Revenue Procedure 2018-58 and Treasury Regulation 301.7508A-1(c)(1). Affected taxpayers with a covered deadline on or after September 1, 2021, and before January 3, 2022, will have until January 3, 2022, to complete the acts. This includes filing Form 5500 series returns that are required to be filed on or after September 1, 2021, and before January 3, 2022.

“Affected taxpayer” automatically includes any individuals who live, and businesses whose principal place of business is located, in the covered disaster area. Those who reside or have a business located outside the covered disaster area, but have been affected by the disaster, may contact the IRS to request relief.


IRS Issues Deadline Relief for Hurricane Ida Victims in New York

The IRS has issued a news release announcing the postponement of certain tax-related deadlines for victims of Hurricane Ida in New York. The tax relief postpones various tax filing deadlines that began September 1, 2021. Affected individuals and households who reside or have a business in Bronx, Kings, New York, Queens, Richmond, and Westchester counties, as well as taxpayers with records located in the covered area that are needed to meet covered deadlines qualify for relief. The IRS has indicated similar guidance will be released for Bergen, Gloucester, Hunterdon, Middlesex, Passaic, and Somerset counties in New Jersey. This relief will be automatically granted to taxpayers in Ida-affected locations in other parts of these states subsequently designated by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA).

In addition to extending certain tax filing and tax payment deadlines, the relief includes completion of many time-sensitive, tax-related acts described in IRS Revenue Procedure 2018-58 and Treasury Regulation 3.01.7508A-1(c)(1). Affected taxpayers with a covered deadline on or after September 1, 2021, and before January 3, 2022, will have until January 3, 2022, to complete the acts. This includes filing Form 5500 series returns that are required to be filed on or after September 1, 2021, and before January 3, 2022.

“Affected taxpayer” automatically includes any individuals who live, and businesses whose principal place of business is located, in the covered disaster area. Those who reside or have a business located outside the covered disaster area, but have been affected by the disaster, may contact the IRS to request relief.


Early House Budget Reconciliation Text Includes Retirement Reform

The House Ways and Means Committee has released draft legislative text as part of what is currently planned to be a $3.5 trillion tax and spending package. The proposal would require employers without an employer-sponsored retirement plan to automatically enroll their employees in an automatic IRA plan or other retirement arrangement at a rate of at least 6 percent and increasing annually to 10 percent of compensation beginning in 2023. Representative Richard Neal (D-MA) previously proposed such legislation under the Automatic Retirement Plan Act of 2017. The current proposal exempts employers with 5 or fewer employees earning at least $5,000, or those that have been in business for less than 2 years from these requirements. The legislation includes enhancements to credits for small employers to offset plan costs and imposes an excise tax of $10 per participant per day to employers that fail to provide an automatic arrangement.

Additionally, the proposal would modify the saver’s credit to create a refundable tax credit or “saver’s match” of up to $500 (adjusted for inflation), based on a percentage of the contributions made by the taxpayer to a retirement account. The taxpayer would designate on his or her tax return an eligible retirement account for the credit to be funded. Similar proposals have been introduced by Senator Ron Wyden (D-OR) with the Encouraging Americans to Save Act of 2021, and also by Senator’s Ben Cardin (R-MD) and Ron Portman (R-OH) as part of the Retirement Security and Savings Act of 2021.

The House Ways and Means Committee is scheduled to hold markup sessions this week to debate the legislation.


IRS Issues Deadline Relief for Hurricane Ida Victims in Louisiana and Neighboring States

The IRS has issued news releases IR-2021-175 and LA-2021-04 announcing the postponement of certain tax-related deadlines for Hurricane Ida victims in Louisiana. The tax relief postpones various tax filing deadlines that began August 26, 2021. Affected individuals and households who reside or have a business anywhere in the state of Louisiana, as well as taxpayers with records located in the covered area that are needed to meet covered deadlines qualify for relief. This relief will be automatically granted to taxpayers in Ida-impacted locations in neighboring states designated by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) as qualifying for individual or public assistance.

In addition to extending certain tax filing and tax payment deadlines, the relief includes completion of many time-sensitive, tax-related acts described in IRS Revenue Procedure 2018-58 and Treasury Regulation 301.7508A-1(c)(1). Affected taxpayers with a covered deadline on or after August 26, 2021, and before January 3, 2022, will have until January 3, 2022, to complete the acts. This includes filing Form 5500 series returns that are required to be filed on or after August 26, 2021, and before January 3, 2022. Additionally, penalties on deposits due on or after August 26, 2021, and before September 10, 2021, will be abated, as long as the tax deposits are made by September 10, 2021.

“Affected taxpayer” automatically includes any individuals who live, and businesses whose principal place of business is located, in the covered disaster area. Those who reside or have a business located outside the covered disaster area, but have been affected by the disaster, may contact the IRS to request relief.


Bill Would Provide Permanent Retirement Distribution Relief for Federal Disasters

Senators Bill Cassidy (R-LA) and Robert Menendez (D-NJ) have introduced legislation that would make permanent certain rules for distributions and loans from retirement plans and IRAs in connection with federally declared disasters. This legislation is intended to aid victims by providing consistent treatment of and improving response times associated with disaster relief.

The proposal follows previous disaster distribution guidance and provides for a waiver of the 10 percent early withdrawal penalty tax on distributions of up to $100,000 per disaster made to those who have a primary residence in the affected area and have sustained an economic loss. The relief would apply to distributions on or after the first day of the incident period of the disaster and within 180 days after the later of either the incident period, the date of enactment, or the applicable disaster declaration. The proposal also allows the taxpayer to treat the distribution as income ratably over a three-year period, as well as to recontribute the distribution to a plan or IRA within three years.

Additionally, the bill would allow recontributions of withdrawals for home purchase or construction in the event that the assets were not used for that purpose. The maximum amount available for a plan loan would also be increased to the lesser of $100,000 or the greater of $10,000 or 100 percent of the nonforfeitable benefit of the participant. A one-year extension of loan repayments would also be permitted for loan payments due on or after the first incident date of the disaster and within the subsequent 180-day period.

The bill was referred to the Senate Committee on Finance. It will be monitored for further developments.


Proposed Tax Benefits for Retirement Saving Distributions Used for LTC Insurance

Senator Patrick Toomey (R-PA), has re-introduced the Long-Term Care Affordability Act, legislation that would permit tax-free retirement saving distributions of up to $2,500 per year—indexed for inflation—that are used to purchase long-term care insurance. The arrangements to which the legislation applies would include qualified retirement plans, 403(a) and 403(b) plans, governmental 457(b) plans, and IRAs.

These distributions would also be exempt from the 10 percent early distribution penalty tax. The bill would also create new distribution triggers for employee deferral amounts that have been contributed to 401(k), 403(b), and governmental 457(b) plans.

This bill has been referred to the Senate Committee on Finance