More IRS Guidance on Funding Single Employer DB Plans, Distribution Notices

The IRS released two Notices providing additional guidance relative to certain provisions under the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) and Setting Every Community Up for Retirement Enhancement (SECURE) Acts.

Notice 2020-61 provides guidance on rules related to funding of single employer defined benefit pensions plans and related benefit limitations. The CARES Act extended the deadline for minimum required contributions otherwise due during calendar year 2020 to January 1, 2021. Notice 2020-61 provides details and a lengthy Q&A.

Notice 2020-62 modifies safe harbor explanations (previously issued in Notice 2018-74) that may be used to satisfy distribution notice requirements under Internal Revenue Code Section 402(f). These changes are necessary relative to recent distribution provisions established under the SECURE Act pertaining to qualified birth or adoption distributions and age 72 required beginning date for required minimum distributions

Senate Releases Details of Next Round of Pandemic Relief

The U.S. Senate yesterday released details of additional relief it is proposing in response to the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. It builds upon the March 2020 enactment of the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act. This legislative package is formally being described as the Health, Economic Assistance, Liability, and Schools (HEALS) Act. It contains provisions for a second round of direct payments to Americans, a modified version of the CARES Act unemployment compensation subsidy, liability protection for businesses and schools that re-open, and numerous other provisions.

The House of Representatives previously passed its version of more COVID-19 relief, H.R. 6800, the Health and Economic Recovery Omnibus Emergency Solutions (HEROES) Act. Senate and House approaches and magnitude differ markedly. If the current Senate package is approved it will require significant compromise between the House and Senate for another round of COVID-19 relief to become law.

Among the HEALS Act provisions of note in this multi-bill Senate package are the following.


Money Purchase Pension Plan Relief

The CARES Act granted penalty-free early withdrawals from retirement savings arrangements, permitted taxpayers to pay the associated tax over three years, allows taxpayers to recontribute withdrawn funds, and increased to $100,000 the maximum limit on retirement plan loans. The CARES Act excluded money purchase pension plans from this relief. This Senate package retroactively adds these provisions for such plans.


Employee Certification of Enhanced Plan Loan Eligibility

The CARES Act allows employer retirement plans to rely on an employee self-certification that he or she qualifies for a coronavirus-related distribution (CRD) from a retirement plan, which provides a distribution trigger to an individual who would otherwise not be eligible for a distribution. The CARES Act did not directly address employee self-certification of eligibility for an enhanced retirement plan loan. The HEALS Act would codify this clarification, which was previously made in regulatory guidance under IRS Notice 2020-50.


Payments of Single-Employer DB Pension Plans

The HEALS Act would clarify the due date—delayed for 2020 by the CARES Act—by which certain minimum required contributions to single-employer defined benefit (DB) plans must be made.


Paycheck Protection Program

The HEALS Act would make modifications and provide for a second round of loans under the Small Business Administration’s Paycheck Protection Program (PPP), a CARES Act creation designed to help small businesses retain employees during the pandemic with low-interest, potentially forgivable loans. Loan proceeds may be used for such payroll-related expenses as retirement and health benefit costs.

The HEALS Act would allow businesses with 300 or fewer employees to receive a second PPP loan if their first or second quarter 2020 revenue declined by 50 percent or more compared to the same time period in 2019. The HEALS Act would also permit certain nonprofits—including chambers of commerce and trade associations—to receive PPP loans.


FSA Carryover

The HEALS Act would allow up to $2,750 in unused health and dependent care flexible spending arrangement (FSA) benefits in 2020 because of the pandemic to be rolled over and used in 2021. Unused health FSA balances above $500 generally cannot be carried over and are forfeited; dependent care FSA balances of any amount have heretofore not been eligible for carryover. Both could be carried over from 2020 to 2021 under HEALS Act provisions.

The timeline for negotiation and enactment of further COVID-19 pandemic relief is short, as both the House and Senate are expected—barring a deviation from their schedules—to leave for a month-long district work period in early August.

House Bill Would Extend, Expand Tax Benefits for CRDs

Rep. Sean Maloney (D-NY) has introduced H.R. 7645, legislation that would extend the time period for taxpayers to withdraw coronavirus-related distributions (CRDs) from retirement savings arrangements and receive the special tax benefits that CRDs provide. Certain withdrawals could be tax-free under the legislation.

CRDs, as defined in the Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security (CARES) Act, are eligible for the following tax benefits for withdrawn amounts up to $100,000 (currently, only for withdrawals in 2020).

  • Three-year taxation on amounts withdrawn
  • Exemption from the 10 percent excise tax for early (pre-59½) distributions
  • The option to repay such withdrawn amounts within three years

Included in the bill is expected to be a provision that would make CRDs tax-free if the taxpayer qualifies as a first-time home buyer. “Expected,” because neither bill text nor a summary is available at this time. Details of legislative intent are being inferred from the bill’s description at the official congressional web site:

To extend the time period for making coronavirus-related distributions from retirement plans and to provide an exclusion from gross income of coronavirus-related distributions which are first-time homebuyer distributions.”

H.R. 7645 has been referred to the House Ways and Means Committee.

IRS Notice Adds to Guidance on Waiver of 2020 Required Minimum Distributions

In issuing Notice 2020-51 on June 23, 2020, the IRS provided much-needed additional guidance—and some welcome relief—pertaining to the 2020 suspension of required minimum distributions (RMDs). The Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act of 2020, signed into law by President Trump on March 27, 2020, suspended for the 2020 tax year the requirement that these distributions be taken from employer-sponsored defined contribution retirement plans and IRAs.

Notice 2020-51 notes the similarity to a previous RMD waiver granted in 2009 by the Worker, Retiree, and Employer Recovery Act (WRERA), and the subsequent guidance and transition relief provided then in IRS Notice 2009-82. This was in response to the economic downturn at the onset of the Great Recession.

RMDs generally must be taken each year beginning when plan participants or IRA owners reach age 72 (formerly age 70½) or—for some plan participants who work beyond age 72—retire. In general, IRA and retirement plan beneficiaries are also subject to RMDs.

The timing of the 2020 RMD waiver was problematic for those who had already taken distributions in 2020 that they believed were required; especially multiple periodic distributions, or beneficiary distributions. In several tangible ways, Notice 2020-51 has come to their rescue.

Notice 2020-51 details are summarized below.

Direct Rollover, Notice, and Withholding Relief

Plan administrators who treated a 2020 distribution as an RMD that was not eligible for rollover—and thus did not permit a direct rollover, provide a 402(f) notice, or withhold at a 20% rate—will not be considered to have failed to meet these requirements.

RMD Amounts Eligible for Rollover

Eligible for rollover under this guidance are amounts that—but for the waiver—would have been 2020 RMDs (including an amount to be taken by an April 1, 2021, required beginning date (RBD)), and amounts that are part of a series of periodic payments made at least annually over life expectancy, or over a period of 10 or more years.

Retirement Plan Rollover Deadline Extended to August 31, 2020

Notice 2020-51 permits the rollover of waived retirement plan RMDs—amounts withdrawn or distributed in 2020 in the belief they were required—through August 31, 2020, without regard to the normal 60-day limitation. The rollover is limited to the amount of the waived 2020 RMD.

IRA Repayment Deadline Extended to August 31, 2020

Notice 2020-51 permits the repayment of waived IRA RMDs—amounts previously withdrawn or distributed in 2020 in the belief they were required—through August 31, 2020. This can be done without regard to the normal 60-day limitation for IRA-to-rollovers. “Repayments” that are made by August 31, 2020, will not be considered to violate the one-rollover-per-12-months limitation or the restriction on rollovers for nonspouse beneficiaries. It is not well-defined at this time what reporting distinctions there may be between the reporting of rollovers vs repayments. It appears that “repayments” (vs rollovers) must be to the distributing IRA. Distributions less than 60 days before August 31, 2020, would be eligible for rollover if all rollover requirements were met.

Defined Contribution Plan Sample Amendment

Notice 2020-51 provides a sample defined contribution plan amendment that provides plan participants and beneficiaries the choice of receiving or not receiving amounts that represent waived RMDs, with no impact on other distribution provisions. The amendment follows the design of pre-approved document plans that use a basic plan document and an adoption agreement.

IRA Document Amending

IRA documents are not required to be amended for the CARES Act 2020 RMD waiver. But to ensure clients receive up-to-date information, IRA disclosure statements may need to be revised to reflect the waiver.

QRP Beneficiary Payout Option Amending

For qualified retirement plans that permit beneficiaries to choose between life expectancy payments and a 5-year payout (when a participant’s death occurs before the RBD), the election deadline for a 2019 death would be December 31, 2020. This election deadline can be extended to December 31, 2021, by a plan amendment. (Most nonspouse beneficiaries may not elect life expectancy payments if a participant dies in 2020 or a later year.)

Nonspouse QRP Beneficiary Rollover to Elect Life Expectancy Payments

In general, a nonspouse beneficiary must directly roll over an inherited qualified retirement plan balance to an IRA by the end of the year following the year of death to be eligible to elect life expectancy payments if a plan mandates a 5-year payout. For a participant who died in 2019, this deadline is now 2021, not 2020. (Most nonspouse beneficiaries may not elect life expectancy payments if a participant dies in 2020 or a later year.)

RMD Suspension and the Required Beginning Date

The RBD for an individual to begin withdrawing RMDs is generally April 1 of the year following the year she reaches age 72 (formerly 70 ½), or—if delayed beyond this age by continuing employment—the year of retirement. The 2020 RMD waiver does not affect an individual’s RBD.

2020 Initial RMD With April 1, 2021, RBD, is Waived

A retirement plan participant whose first RMD year is 2020 (the participant reached age 70½ in 2019 or earlier, participates in a plan that allows a delayed RBD, and retires in 2020) has an RBD of April 1, 2021, but is not required to withdraw this amount in 2021. The 2021 RMD, however, must be withdrawn by December 31, 2021. Amounts that are withdrawn in 2021 will be applied to satisfy this 2021 RMD, and any amount in excess of this 2021 RMD will be eligible for rollover.

No Other Deadline Extensions or Rollover Modifications

No deadlines are extended other than the deadlines to 1) complete certain rollovers or repayments (August 31, 2020), 2) elect life expectancy payments or the 5-year rule if a participant died in 2019 (December 31, 2021, if a retirement plan offers both options), and 3) allow a nonspouse beneficiary of a participant who died in 2019 to complete a direct rollover to an IRA and elect life expectancy payments (December 31, 2021).

Spousal Consent and Suspension of 2020 RMDs  

If an individual is receiving certain annuity payments (e.g., qualified joint and survivor annuity) from a qualified plan, the suspension for 2020 and resumption in 2021 would not require spousal consent unless the plan provides that there is a new annuity start date.

Rollover to Distributing Plan

Amounts withdrawn from a retirement plan that are eligible for rollover by virtue of the RMD waiver may be rolled back into the same plan if that plan permits rollovers and if other rollover conditions are met.

RMD Waiver and Withholding

Payors do not have the option to treat a 2020 RMD amount paid from a retirement plan as subject to 20% withholding. But if an amount exceeding the calculated 2020 RMD is distributed, and would otherwise be eligible for rollover, it is subject to 20% withholding.

If the individual is receiving monthly distributions that exceed RMD amounts, as part of a series of payments made over a period of 10 or more years, the entire amount of each distribution is subject to the periodic payment optional withholding rules (IRC Sec. 3405(a).

Substantially Equal Periodic Payments and the RMD Waiver

Substantially equal periodic payments—exempt from the 10% early distribution penalty tax—are not affected by the RMD waiver. Required payments under such a schedule—even if based on the RMD calculation method—must be made if required in 2020, or all prior payments received under this schedule are subject to the 10% early distribution penalty tax.

Financial Organizations Must Notify IRA Owners  

Financial organizations must notify their IRA clients that no RMD is due for 2020. One method of notification is to provide IRA owners with a copy of the 2019 Form 5498, IRA Contribution Information, that was filed with the IRS, indicating that there is no RMD required for 2020 (the extended IRS filing deadline for the 2019 Form 5498 is August 31, 2020).

Defined Benefit Plans and the 2020 RMD Waiver

The waiver of 2020 RMDs does not apply to defined benefit pension plans, even if such plans use a formula that calculates the RMD as if it is a distribution from an individual account plan.


House Passes Bill to Expand Paycheck Protection Program

The U.S. House of Representatives passed by a 417-1 margin on Thursday, May 28, the Paycheck Protection Program Flexibility Act of 2020. This legislation would modify certain core terms of this Small Business Administration (SBA) emergency lending program. The Paycheck Protection Program (PPP) was created by the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act, signed into law on March 27, 2020. Under the program, qualifying small businesses may apply for loans from the SBA to retain employees on their payrolls, and—especially attractive to business owners—the loans are forgiven if certain conditions are met.

As provided in the CARES Act, PPP loans taken to cover 8 weeks of program-eligible expenses can be forgiven (no repayment required). Although mortgage, rent, and other business expenses are included, to be eligible for forgiveness, 75 percent of a loan amount must—under current rules—be used for employee payroll expenses. Certain employee benefits, including defined contribution and defined benefit plan employer contributions, health insurance benefits (including premium payments), and certain employee leave benefits can be considered payroll expenses.

Today’s House-passed legislation would extend the 8-week period to 24 weeks, and would change the 75 percent payroll requirement to 60 percent.

The legislation would also relax certain loan forgiveness provisions in recognition that an employer may be unable to rehire some former employees or to find similarly qualified employees. Loan amounts not forgiven could be repaid over a period of 5 years instead of 2 years as under current rules.

Members of the U.S. Senate have been discussing a similar bill, one said to expand the 8-week period to 16, not 24 weeks. If the Senate is unable to pass its version of PPP revisions this week, which seems likely, its bill could be taken up when the Senate returns to Washington, D.C., next week.

House Passes More Pandemic Aid; Quick Senate Action Not Expected

The House of Representatives late Friday passed H.R. 6800, the Health and Economic Recovery Omnibus Emergency Solutions (HEROES) Act, providing additional aid to many who are adversely affected by the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. The bill also contained non-COVID-19-related provisions considered likely to prove controversial in the Senate.

Unlike the Families First Coronavirus Response Act, and the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act—both of which moved fairly rapidly through Congress—the HEROES Act has been called “dead on arrival” by Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-KY), who—with Republican colleagues—envisions a much less comprehensive bill. Sen. McConnell has also expressed a desire to move slowly and gauge the effectiveness of earlier relief. Most expect no additional COVID-19-related legislation to be enacted before sometime in June.

As announced last week, the House bill contains provisions for the following.

  • Continued financial assistance to unemployed workers
  • Financial assistance to state, local, tribal, and territorial government entities
  • Waiver of 2019 required minimum distributions (RMDs)
  • Waiver of the 60-day and one-rollover-per-12-month rules for otherwise-required RMDs waived for 2019 and 2020
  • Amendments to the Emergency Family and Medical Leave Expansion Act
  • Relief for participants in health flexible spending arrangements (FSAs)
  • Codifying the ability of employers to deduct certain expenses covered by loans that are forgiven under the SBA Paycheck Protection Program
  • Providing money purchase pension plans the early distribution and loan relief that the CARES Act provided to other qualified retirement plans
  • A new retirement “composite plan,” with features that include those of 401(k) and defined benefit (DB) pension plan
  • Relief for multiemployer (collectively-bargained) DB pension plans
  • Amortization relief for single employer DB pension plans
  • Further funding relief (beyond that provided by the SECURE Act) to certain community newspaper DB plans
  • Aid to certain federal agencies affected by the pandemic, including the Departments of Homeland Security, Interior, Health and Human Services, Labor, Transportation, Housing and Urban Development, and Education
  • Enhanced Medicare and Medicaid benefits
  • Medical supply chain enhancement
  • Testing and reporting enhancement
  • National strategic stockpile for pandemic response
  • Bankruptcy protections for homeowners
  • Certain student loan relief and protections
  • Additional aid to veterans during the COVID-19 pandemic
  • Federal election early and by-mail voting procedure

Washington Pulse: New COVID-19 Relief for Employee Welfare Benefit Plans

During the last few months, the Department of Labor (DOL), Treasury Department, and Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) have jointly issued multiple pieces of guidance intended to provide much needed relief to those suffering economic hardships from the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. In this article, we’ll explain how the most recent relief affects employee welfare benefit plans.


Overview of New Relief

To help overcome the financial hardships facing millions of Americans, the DOL and the Treasury Department published a final rule on May 4, 2020. The final rule extends and suspends various employee welfare benefit plan and COBRA deadlines that fall between March 1, 2020, and the end of a 60-day period following the close of the COVID-19 National Emergency (known as the Outbreak Period), which has yet to be announced.

The DOL and Treasury Department also worked with the DHHS to create EBSA Disaster Relief Notice 2020-01. This guidance extends deadlines for providing notices, disclosures, and documents that are due to plan participants and beneficiaries between March 1, 2020, and the end of the Outbreak Period. The relief applies to plan fiduciaries that act in good faith to provide this information as soon as administratively practicable. The EBSA notice also confirms that Form 5500 filing deadlines that occur between April 1, 2020, and July 14, 2020, must now be filed by July 15, 2020 (calendar-year plans are not affected).

On May 12, 2020, the IRS issued Notice 2020-29 and Notice 2020-33. Notice 2020-29 allows employees to make election changes relating to employer-sponsored group health coverage, health flexible savings accounts (FSAs), and dependent care FSAs mid-year with no special enrollment events. The notice also allows for health FSA and dependent care FSA participants to submit new claims for reimbursement up to December 31, 2020, from amounts that remained in accounts as of a plan year end or the end of the grace period that occurred at any time in 2020.

Notice 2020-33 increases the maximum $500 health FSA carryover amount to an amount that is equal to 20 percent of the maximum salary reduction contribution for the plan year. The increase takes effect immediately, making the maximum amount that can be carried forward for the 2020 plan year $550 (20 percent of $2,750).


How the Final Rule Affects Employee Welfare Benefit Plans

The most significant impact of the final rule involves providing certain individuals extended deadlines for performing certain acts. When calculating the new extended deadlines, the final rule disregards the Outbreak Period.

  • Filing a benefit claim: The final rule extends the deadline for filing claims for benefits under welfare benefit plans. Importantly, this relief will also include calendar-year health FSAs and health reimbursement accounts (HRAs) that had a runout period ending on March 1, 2020 or later. Although this provision will help individuals with existing claims, it does not allow them to incur new claims applicable to an old plan year.
    • Example: An employee terminated employment and lost health coverage on May 1, 2020. Because the plan has a 90 day-runout period for terminated participants, the employee would normally have until July 30, 2020, to submit claims for reimbursement of eligible expenses incurred before the employee terminated employment. The period between the date of termination and the end of the Outbreak Period is now disregarded. If March 2, 2021 is the end of the Outbreak Period, the 90-day runout period will start on March 3, 2021, and end on May 31, 2021.
  • Filing an appeal and requesting a review: The final rule extends the period to file an appeal of an adverse benefit determination. This period must be at least 60 days (for welfare benefit plans) or 180 days (for group health plans) following notification of the adverse benefit determination. The final rule also extends the four-month period for filing a request for external or internal review.
  • Special Enrollment Periods: Employees and their eligible dependents now have more time to enroll in a group health plan following a special enrollment event. Usually individuals must elect coverage during a 30-day period (or a 60-day period, depending on plan provisions) following a special enrollment event.
    • Example: An employee had a child on March 20, 2020. The employee would normally have 30 days to elect coverage for the child. The period between the birth and the end of the Outbreak Period is now disregarded. If October 10, 2020, is the end of the Outbreak Period, the 30-day period would start on October 11, 2020, and end on November 9, 2020.


How Notice 2020-29 Affects Employee Welfare Benefit Plans

IRS Notice 2020-29 gives plans additional deadline flexibility and eases restrictions associated with various plan requirements found in the Internal Revenue Code and associated Treasury Regulations. The extensions provided by the Notice are described below.

  • Modified rules on irrevocable elections: Notice 2020-29 eliminates certain restrictions that limit the ability of participants to revoke and make new plan elections after the start of the plan year. During the 2020 plan year, elections pertaining to employer health coverage, health FSAs, and dependent care FSAs can now be made at any time on a prospective basis. This relief is not automatic. An employer will be required to amend its plan to allow participants to take advantage of this relief.
    • Example: A participant elected to defer $1,200 into an FSA during open enrollment for a plan year that began on January 1, 2020. The participant is now permitted to change her election at any time and defer a different amount (e.g., $2,200) if she so chooses.
  • Extended the deadline for incurring claims: Plan participants in health FSAs and dependent care FSAs may now incur and submit new claims for reimbursement up to December 31, 2020, based on amounts that remained in their FSA as of the end of a plan year or the end of a grace period that occurred at any time in 2020. This relief is not automatic. An employer will be required to amend its plan to allow participants to take advantage of this relief.
    • Example:  An employee was a participant in a 2019 calendar year FSA with a grace period that ended on March 15, 2020. He had $1,200 remaining in his account as of that date. He had not incurred any claims that he could submit for reimbursement through March 15, 2020. On June 29, 2020, the participant received medical services in excess of $1,200. He can submit his claim and be reimbursed for that amount.


How the Final Rule Affects COBRA Coverage

The Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act (COBRA) helps employees going through a qualifying event (such as termination of employment) maintain health coverage, often at a lower cost than they might find in the marketplace. To assist those who have lost health insurance coverage because of the pandemic, the final rule extends several COBRA-related deadlines. When calculating the new extended deadlines, the final rule disregards the Outbreak Period.

Delayed COBRA Election Deadline

To assist those who have lost health insurance coverage through termination of employment or a reduction of hours, the final rule extends the deadline to elect COBRA coverage. Normally, the election period ends 60 days following the later of 1) the qualifying event or 2) the date the plan provides the COBRA election notice to the qualified beneficiary.

  • Example: An employee is terminated on April 10, 2020, and loses coverage on April 30, 2020. If the terminated employee receives the COBRA election notice on May 5, 2020, he would normally have until July 4, 2020, which is 60 days, to elect COBRA coverage. But the Outbreak Period is now disregarded. If November 14, 2020, is the end of the Outbreak Period, the 60-day election period would start on November 15, 2020, and end on January 13, 2021.

This provision also gives employees flexibility in determining whether to spend money to continue coverage based on the type of medical issues they have during the extended deadline. Some people may choose to not enroll in COBRA coverage unless some type of expensive medical event makes it necessary. Normally, they would have a shorter window to determine the necessity of enrollment.

While the extended deadline helps individuals, it also creates risk for insurers and employers who may see employees taking advantage of the deadlines to enroll only if they incur significant costs. Healthy employees who would normally elect coverage, pay the premiums, and incur limited costs, will not have incentive to enroll during the window and will not be able to help offset costs as they normally would.

Delayed COBRA Payments

The final rule extends the amount of time that a qualified beneficiary has to submit a COBRA premium payment before coverage under the plan will cease. To be considered timely, the payment deadline is normally 30 days after the due date (or 45 days for the initial payment). While it is possible for qualified beneficiaries to take advantage of this relief in order to minimize expenses and avoid paying their premiums during the Outbreak Period, it is important to note that once the Outbreak Period is over, qualified beneficiaries must fully pay all prior months’ premiums in order to retain coverage. This could be a substantial financial burden. But if a qualified beneficiary has a major medical event, it could be cheaper to make up the costs of numerous months of premiums than to pay for the medical expenses.

Delayed COBRA Notices

  • Extended qualified event notification deadline: The final rule extends the date by which a covered employee or qualified beneficiary must notify the plan administrator of the following qualifying events: divorce (or legal separation) or a dependent child ceasing to be a dependent child. The normal deadline is 60 days after the date of the qualifying event.
  • Extended disability notification deadline: Covered employees and qualified beneficiaries have more time to notify the plan administrator of a disability determination. The normal deadline is 60 days after the date of being determined to be disabled.
  • Extended COBRA rights notification deadline: Plan administrators have more time to notify qualified beneficiaries of their COBRA rights following a qualifying event. The normal deadline is 14 days following the qualifying event (or 44 days when the employer is the plan administrator). Although plan administrators are not required to provide the COBRA election notice during the Outbreak Period, they must provide COBRA coverage if a participant elects it. Plan administrators will likely want to provide timely notices to encourage qualified beneficiaries to elect and pay for COBRA coverage.


Previous Relief Affecting Employee Welfare Benefit Plans

In March 2020, the IRS released Notice 2020-18, postponing the due date for all Federal income tax returns normally due on April 15, 2020, to July 15, 2020. Although not mentioned, contribution deadlines were expected to be delayed as well. A few weeks later, these expectations were met when Notice 2020-23 officially extended multiple deadlines that fell on or after April 1, 2020, and before July 15, 2020, to July 15, 2020—including deadlines for

  • making 2019 HSA contributions;
  • completing a 60-day rollover;
  • providing Form 5498-SA to HSA owners and to the IRS;
  • forfeiting unused FSA benefits;
  • receiving cash for unused vacation days; and
  • electing benefits in a noncalendar-year cafeteria plan.


Watch for Future Guidance

The last few months have seen a flurry of new guidance. This trend may continue for the duration of the pandemic. In fact, at the time of this writing the House of Representatives had just introduced a fourth stimulus package. Ascensus will be closely monitoring all future guidance. Visit for the latest updates.


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