The IRS issued Notice 2019-59 containing the 2020 IRA and retirement plan limitations after cost-of-living adjustments (COLAs). Most of the retirement plan limitations increased.
2020 IRA Contribution Limitations
- Traditional and Roth IRA contributions: $6,000 (unchanged)
- Traditional and Roth IRA catch-up contributions: $1,000 (not subject to COLAs)
- IRA deductibility phase-out range for single taxpayers that are active participants in retirement plans: $65,000 to $75,000 (was $64,000 to $74,000 for 2019)
- IRA deductibility phase-out range for married joint filing taxpayers that are active participants in retirement plans: $104,000 to $124,000 (was $103,000 to $123,000 for 2019)
- IRA deductibility phase-out range for non-active participants who are married to active participants in retirement plans: $196,000 to $206,000 (was $193,000 to $203,000 for 2019)
- Roth IRA income limit phase-out range for determining contribution eligibility for married joint filers: $196,000 to $206,000 (was $193,000 to $203,000 for 2019)
- Roth IRA income limit phase-out range for determining contribution eligibility for single filers and heads-of-households: $124,000 to $139,000 (was $122,000 to $137,000 for 2019)
2020 Retirement Plan Limitations
- Annual additions under Internal Revenue Code Section (IRC Sec.) 415(c)(1)(A) for defined contribution plans: $57,000 ($56,000 for 2019)
- Annual additions under IRC Sec. 415(b)(1)(A) for defined benefit pension plans: $230,000 ($225,000 for 2019)
- Annual IRC Sec. 402(g) deferral limit for 401(k), 403(b), and 457(b) plans: $19,500 ($19,000 for 2019)
- Catch-up contributions to 401(k), 403(b), and 457(b) plans: $6,500 ($6,000 for 2019)
- Annual deferral limit for SIMPLE IRA and SIMPLE 401(k) plans: $13,500 ($13,000 for 2019)
- Catch-up contributions for SIMPLE IRA and SIMPLE 401(k) plans: $3,000 (unchanged)
- IRC Sec. 401(a)(17) compensation cap: $285,000 ($280,000 for 2019)
- Highly compensated employee definition income threshold: $130,000 ($125,000 for 2019)
- Top-heavy determination key employee definition income threshold: $185,000 ($180,000 for 2019)
- SEP plan employee income threshold for benefit eligibility: $600 (unchanged)
Retirement Savings Tax Credit
Taxpayers who make contributions to IRAs and/or salary deferrals under retirement plans may qualify for an income tax credit if their income is under certain amounts. Contributions of up to $2,000 may be eligible for credits of 10, 20, or 50 percent of the amount contributed. Eligibility is based on income and tax filing status as provided in the instructions for Form 8880, Credit for Qualified Retirement Savings Contributions. The applicable income limits are subject to cost-of-living adjustments as well.
The maximum income thresholds in all categories for this credit will increase for 2020. For 2020, taxpayers with adjusted gross income that exceeds $65,000 for joint filers, $48,750 for head of household, and $32,500 for all other filers will not qualify for a tax credit. See Notice 2019-59 for the specific income limitations based on tax filing status.